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Furnaces

Furnace (bottom)

Furnace (bottom)
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Furnaces can reach different temperatures, depending on the heating element you use:

• Vanadium heating element 200-1100°C
• Niobium heating element 1100-2000°C (but presents Bragg peaks)
• Tantalum is a possibility in principle but has got resonances

But the maximum temperature you can reach depends also on the melting point of your sample cell/o-ring: typically you may use quartz glass in vanadium pocket or just a vanadium cell.

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